The inspiration for the building above was the Pantheon in Rome - Pantheon means a temple dedicated to all the gods. The Stourhead temple is filled with statues from some of the classical deities.Henry ‘the Magnificent’ was one of a small group of early eighteenth-century ‘gentleman gardeners’ using their wealth and acres to create a particularly personal landscape. One which expressed their hopes and beliefs about the world and their journey through it.
The Palladian Bridge was inspired by the work of 16th century architect Palladio. This five-arched stone bridge, although ornamental, was also intended to look practical having been designed to create an illusion of a river flowing on beneath the bridge.
So who was Henry 'the Magnificent'?
Henry was a banker, the eldest grandson of Sir Richard Hoare.
Henry 'the Magnificent'
Richard Hoare was a goldsmith-banker who founded the bank C. Hoare & Co in 1672. A bank which is still owned and run by members of the Hoare family. He was knighted by Queen Anne in 1702 and also appointed Lord Mayor of London. Henry 'the Magnificent' inherited the Stourhead estate from his father. He built himself a fine Palladian mansion and then set about landscaping the surroundings seen today.
The temple of Apollo holds a commanding position overlooking the lake. In Greek and Roman mythology the sun god Apollo was the son of Zeus and twin brother of Artemis.
In 2015, one of the scenes from Pride and Prejudice was filmed at the Stourhead temple of Apollo, when Mr. Darcy dramatically proposed to Elizabeth Bennet in the pouring rain.There are no real clues left as to how this small Gothic Cottage came about. However, the original landscape plans have been studied, and it is considered that it may have been developed out of a building that was once a shepherds hut.